The 14th Annual Organic Conference of Organic Agriculture Project in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria (OAPTIN) tagged “ABEOKUTA 2018” was held on Nov. 6 – 8, 2018 at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), Nigeria. The theme of the Conference was “Organic Agriculture: Food Security, Improved Nutrition and Sustainable Agriculture”.

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The Organic Innovation Days have become a tradition in late November, being arranged by TP Organics in Brussel to inform and grow networks between stakeholders linked to the organic sector. The 4th event was one day arranged by TP Organics alone (Nov 27), followed by two days integrated in the larger event G-STIC, which was arranged for the 3rd time in Brussel. The Organic PLUS and Relacs projects were mentioned as important efforts to reduce the consumption of copper in organic growing. E.g. the scientific director of INRA (France), Christian Huyghe, gave an enthusiastic lecture about post-pesticide agriculture, where pesticides used in organic growing also need to be phased out.

In the afternoon, participants discussed in parallel sessions inputs to the revised strategic research and innovation agenda which TP Organic will present during 2019 to influence the upcoming frame program Horizon Europe, which will release the first calls in 2021. The first SRIA presented by TP Organics in 2008 was successful to prepare the ground for several large projects supporting the growth of the organic sector, but there is still a long way to go before organic farming is generally recognized as an important driver of change for increased sustainability. Th next chance for interaction in the SRIA will be the Science Day at Biofach 2019.

The Spanish company Polyfly, producing hoverflies for glasshouses and field conditions to increase pollinations, were the happy winners of the Organic Innovation prize in 2108.

For the two days linked to the G-STIC event, agroecology as a driver for increased sustainability was the headline. A range of success stories from around the world were presented, but no one mentioned organic efforts, standards, certification, labelling and marketing as a corridor for realising agroecology in practice, not least to ensure some fair premium prices for involved farmers. Agroecology is a reminder for organic farming that we should work a lot harder to realize biodiversity, e.g. by new approaches to crop rotation. Strip cropping is tested with success in the Netherlands. Whereas scientists involved in agroecology seem to appreciate the practical efforts from the organic sector, significant resistance towards certified organic farming still seems to be present on the political side. 

Funded by other projects, Alev Kir (Turkey) and Anne-Kristin Løes (Norway) were present in Brussel from the Organic PLUS team.

alev kir nu

During the G-STIC conference, Eldert van Helten and Rogier Schulte,
Wageningen University (Netherlands) presented research to develop
agroecology approaches, e.g. strips to replace traditional crop rotations.

ak nørsøk

Anne-Kristin Løes (NORSØK) participated in the G-STICK 2018
conference in Brussel, as a part of activities in Organic Innovation Days 2018,
arranged by TP Organics. Agroecology was presented in several sessions.


 

AUTHOR

Dr.Anne-Kristin Løes
Senior researcher, Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
ISOFAR Board Member

professor M.O Atayese

Prof. M.O Atayese declaring open the 14th Annual OAPTIN Conference.

The 14th Annual Organic Conference of Organic Agriculture Project in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria (OAPTIN) tagged “ABEOKUTA 2018” was held on Nov. 6 – 8, 2018 at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), Nigeria. The theme of the Conference was “Organic Agriculture: Food Security, Improved Nutrition and Sustainable Agriculture”.

The Conference was declared open by the representative of the Vice Chancellor of FUNAAB, Prof. M.O Atayese (Dean, College of Plant Science and Crop Production) (Pic. 1). The Conference was attended by 72 scientists, 22 graduate students, representatives of the Association of Organic Agriculture Practitioners of Nigeria and Ruchim Investment and Manufacturing Ltd. Picture 2 shows the cross section of participants at the Conference. The keynote speech on the Conference theme was delivered by Dr. O. AdeOluwa (Country Coordinator of Ecological Organic Agriculture Initiative, EOA-I) (Pic. 3).     

Two lead papers titled “Marketing of Organic Produce: Challenges and Lessons learnt” and “Building Capacity for Organic Agriculture in Higher Education Institutes (HEIs): A decade-plus of project experience” by Barr. Olushola Sowemimo (CEO, Ope Farms) and Prof. Isaac Aiyelaagbe (FUNAAB), respectively. 

While delivering her lead paper, Barr. Sowemimo charged the young agriculture graduates to be organic agriculture complaint in order to meet the rising demand of the principles and practices of the organic sector (Pic. 4). Prof. Aiyelaagbe admonished the participants to strengthen the relatively weak non-crops subsector in organic agriculture, imbibe the spirit of enterprise, publish relevant textbooks on organic agriculture that can enhance learning, develop appropriate and affordable inputs for practitioners and strive to mainstream organic agriculture into diploma and degree programmes in the HEIs ((Pic. 5). Prof. Victor Olowe used the opportunity to introduce ISOFAR to the participants and encouraged those who are yet to become members to join the association (Pic. 6). During the Annual Business meeting (ABM), the participants unanimously agreed to award the hosting right of OAPTIN 2019 Conference to Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria and the contact person (Dr. Mrs. C.N. Atoma) while responding, pledged to organize a very good Conference in 2019 (Pic. 7). The high point of the ABM was the election of new Executive Officers to handle the affairs of the Association for 2018 – 2020.

On Day 2 (Nov. 27, 2018), 28 scientific papers were presented during plenary session and the papers covered the fields of agronomy, plant health, rural sociology, marketing, policy, postharvest handling of produce amongst others. 

cross section of participants

Cross section of participants at the Conference.


AUTHOR

Prof. Dr. Victor I. Olowe

Agronomist

Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research (IFSERAR), Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), P.M.B. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +234 803 3928 111

www.funaab.edu.ng

The work package LIVESTOCK from OrganicPlus European Project is in charge of searching alternatives for antibiotics, antiparisitics, synthetic vitamins and bedding materials for organic production. However, where are we now with this contentious inputs in Europe? What think the farmers about this issues? Are they interested in trying this alternatives? Although there is a European regulation that stablishes the rules for all countries in the European Union, have the farmers in each country the same perception on the relevance of this topics? To answer all these questions, we are conducting a survey study across several countries with an on-line questionnaire.

> Read more

The Organic Innovation Days have become a tradition in late November, being arranged by TP Organics in Brussel to inform and grow networks between stakeholders linked to the organic sector. The 4th event was one day arranged by TP Organics alone (Nov 27), followed by two days integrated in the larger event G-STIC, which was arranged for the 3rd time in Brussel.

> Read more

The work package LIVESTOCK from OrganicPlus European Project is in charge of searching alternatives for antibiotics, antiparisitics, synthetic vitamins and bedding materials for organic production. However, where are we now with this contentious inputs in Europe? What think the farmers about this issues? Are they interested in trying this alternatives?

Although there is a European regulation that stablishes the rules for all countries in the European Union, have the farmers in each country the same perception on the relevance of this topics? To answer all these questions, we are conducting a survey study across several countries with an on-line questionnaire.

Organic Livestock Production in Europe: some numbers to understand its importance

The organic livestock sector in the European Union has been experiencing a fast growth in recent years. The last report released from the European Commission (2016) based on Eurostat database showed that the most important species reared organically, with the exception of poultry which is by far the greatest one, are sheep (42%) and cattle (34%), followed by pigs (9%) and goats (7%). Pigs showed the lowest shares probably due to the difficulties to obtain organic feeds (i.e. internal supply and organically certified external supply), and the resulting high price for consumers. Between 2007 and 2015, the greatest increase was observed  in the  poultry sector (+108%), partly to the high demand for eggs, followed by beef and dairy cattle (+58%), pigs (+46%), sheep (+35%) and goats (+15%) (Lernoud and Willer, 2017). Moreover, organic milk production has almost doubled since 2007, from 2.7 to 4.7 million metric tons (Lernoud and Willer, 2017). The document elaborated by the European Commission (2016) reported that the largest producers of organic cattle are Germany, France, Austria, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, the Czech Republic and Spain. Moreover, Austria (171 000 heads), Germany (150 000 heads), the United Kingdom (127 000 heads) and France (113 000 heads) are the ones with the greatest number of organic dairy cows. Organic pig production is mainly in Denmark (260 510 heads), France (219 812 heads) and Germany (190 471 heads). The organic pig sector still holds a very minor share in the European pig market. Ovine organic production is mainly in the United Kingdom (868 554 heads), Italy (785 170 heads), Greece (609 616 heads), Spain (600 000 heads) and France (450 000 heads). Greek and Italian ovine production is oriented towards cheese manufacturing, while the United Kingdom and Spain are focused on meat production. Goat organic production is concentrated in Greece (344 479 heads), Italy (100 852 heads), France (72 542 heads) and Spain (69 448 heads). The organic poultry sector has registered a 14% yearly increase between 2005 and 2015 and is currently led by France with >13 million animals, of which about 30% are laying hens.

European Regulation for Organic Production: what it says about Organic Livestock Production?
Organic production and labelling of organic products in the European Union are regulated by the Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of May 30, 2018, and although the principles for organic farming seem easy to follow, the regulation is comprised of several exceptions since sometimes a compromise has to be taken to ensure animal health and welfare.

Regarding feeding, even though minerals, trace elements, vitamins or provitamins have to be of natural origin, products of non-natural origin can be used if no alternatives are available. Moreover, non-organic spices, herbs and molasses can be used when they are produced or prepared without chemical solvents and limited to 1% of the feed ration (annual percentage in feed dry matter).

Regarding health care, chemically synthesised allopathic veterinary medicinal products are prohibited for preventive treatment, along with substances to promote growth or production and hormones or similar to control reproduction; however, immunological veterinary medicinal products may be used. The first option for the veterinary treatment should be phytotherapeutic and homeopathic products, as well as minerals and nutritional additives allowed for organic production. However, when chemically synthesised allopathic medical products (including antibiotics) are prescribed, the withdrawal period should be twice of the withdrawal period adopted in conventional farming and at least 48 hours. Moreover, if an animal receives more than 3 courses of treatment with those chemically synthesised allopathic meds within 12 months, or more than 1 course if the productive lifecycle is <1 year, the treated animal (and their products) should undergo a conversion period in order to be considered organic again.

To help in fully achieve the principles of organic livestock farming, effective alternatives for the use of synthetic vitamins, anti-infective and immune-stimulators, and bedding materials have to be examined and developed.

The lack of the availability of statistical information about the use of synthetic vitamins, antibiotics, antiparasitics and conventional bedding materials (straw) supports the need for conducting a survey among organic livestock farmers to get a more accurate picture of the use of these contentious inputs in the organic livestock sector.

A Multi-Country Survey to focus our Research: Understanding Organic Livestock Farmers’ Reality and Needs
Questionnaires are one of the most used tools to collect epidemiological data. Due to reasons such as shorter delivery time, lower delivery cost, additional design options, and shorter data entry time, web surveys have gained popularity in the last years (Fan and Yan, 2010). However, web surveys critical point usually is Internet access (Fan and Yan, 2010). Although rural areas usually lag behind in digital access (Basu and Chakraborty, 2011), nowadays farms are more connected than ever before. Moreover, demographic data suggest that organic livestock farms tend to be managed by younger people and better educated rather than conventional ones (Rigby et al., 2001; European Commission, 2016), which could suggest a better access to the Internet. 

Therefore, an online questionnaire has been developed to collect information about farmers’ perception of current contentious issues in organic livestock farming, and the use of alternative allopathic products (vitamins, antibiotics and antiparasitics) and bedding materials across the European Union and bordering countries.

The questionnaire has been developed in English and translated into several languages to reach the maximum number of participants. We are collecting answers since 1st of November, and we expect to arrive to a representative number by the end of the year. We offer to all participants a Certificate of Collaboration with the study and the possibility to include the link of the farms in the Organic Plus project website (www.organic-plus.net) because without their help this study could not be done.


So, if you are a farmer with livestock under organic, and you are reading this article, please complete our questionnaire at: https://goo.gl/forms/gqQvosdL0RAWj1Zd2

 

If you want to complete on a different language, please go https://organic-plus.net/2018/11/14/livestock-survey/ and select the available language that better fits your needs. We really appreciate your participation.


AUTHORS

Massimo De Marchi (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
and Carmen L. Manuelian (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), University of Padova,
Viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy

https://www.dafnae.unipd.it/